19th AIAI 2023, 14 - 17 June 2023, León, Spain

GCN-based reinforcement learning approach for scheduling DAG applications

Julius Roeder, Andy Pimentel, Clemens Grelck


  Applications in various fields such as embedded systems or High-Performance-Computing are often represented as Directed Acyclic Graphs (DAG), also known as taskgraphs. DAGs represent the data flow between tasks in an application and can be used for scheduling. When scheduling taskgraphs, a scheduler needs to decide when and on which core each task is executed, while minimising the runtime of the schedule. This paper explores offline scheduling of dependent tasks using a Reinforcement Learning (RL) approach. We propose two RL schedulers, one using a Fully Connected Network (FCN) and another one using a Graph Convolutional Network (GCN). First, we detail the different components of our two RL schedulers and illustrate how they schedule a task. Then, we compare our RL schedulers to a Forward List Scheduling (FLS) approach based on two different datasets. We demonstrate that our GCN-based scheduler produces schedules that are as good or better than the schedules produced by the FLS approach in over 85% of the cases for a dataset with small taskgraphs. The same scheduler performs very similar to the FLS scheduler (at most 5% degradation) in almost 76% of the cases for a more challenging dataset.  

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